San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area

Data for the Metropolitan Area

This MSA includes the following Metropolitan Divisions:
Oakland-Fremont-Hayward, CA Metropolitan
San Francisco-San Mateo-Redwood City, CA Metropolitan Division
In this Metropolitan area:
Counties:Alameda County, Contra Costa County, Marin County, San Francisco County, San Mateo County, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , A note about boundaries
Principal Cities:Berkeley, CA, Fremont, CA, Hayward, CA, Oakland, CA, Pleasanton, CA, Redwood City, CA, San Francisco, CA, San Leandro, CA, San Mateo, CA, San Rafael, CA, South San Francisco, CA, Walnut Creek, CA, , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Ethnic and racial composition

Total Population Non Hispanic
Non Hispanic
Hispanic Asian Other Races
1980 3,246,602 2,147,226 384,866 351,396 308,395 54,719
66.1% 11.8% 10.8% 9.5% 1.7%
1990 3,677,793 2,157,885 411,927 505,710 578,686 23,585
58.7% 11.2% 13.8% 15.7% 0.6%
2000 4,123,740 2,026,022 419,035 733,249 879,292 66,142
49.1% 10.2% 17.8% 21.3% 1.6%
2005-09 ACS 4,218,534 1,921,442 368,612 845,666 952,089 130,725
45.6% 8.7% 20% 22.6% 3.1%
2010 4,335,391 1,840,372 392,843 938,794 1,122,631 40,751
42.4% 9.1% 21.6% 25.9% 0.9%

1980 1990
2000 2005-09 ACS 2010

Segregation: Three Measures

Index of Dissimilarity (D)
The dissimilarity index measures whether one particular group is distributed across census tracts in the metropolitan area in the same way as another group. A high value indicates that the two groups tend to live in different tracts. D ranges from 0 to 100. A value of 60 (or above) is considered very high. It means that 60% (or more) of the members of one group would need to move to a different tract in order for the two groups to be equally distributed. Values of 40 or 50 are usually considered a moderate level of segregation, and values of 30 or below are considered to be fairly low. For a more detailed explanation, click here.
Exposure Index
Another measure of residential segregation is a class of exposure indices (p*) that refer to the racial/ethnic composition of the tract where the average member of a given group lives. For example, the average Hispanic in some metropolis might live in a tract that is 40% Hispanic, 40% non-Hispanic white, 15% black, and 5% Asian.(Note that these various indices must add up to 100%.) These are presented below in two categories: exposure of the group to itself (which is called the Index of Isolation) and exposure of the group to other groups). For a more detailed explanation, click here.
Isolation Index
The isolation index is the percentage of same-group population in the census tract where the average member of a racial/ethnic group lives. It has a lower bound of zero (for a very small group that is quite dispersed) to 100 (meaning that group members are entirely isolated from other groups). It should be kept in mind that this index is affected by the size of the group -- it is almost inevitably smaller for smaller groups, and it is likely to rise over time if the group becomes larger. For a more detailed explanation, click here.
Exposure to Other Groups
Indices of exposure to other groups also range from 0 to 100, where a larger value means that the average group member lives in a tract with a higher percentage of persons from the other group. These indices depend on two conditions: the overall size of the other group and each group's settlement pattern. For a more detailed explanation, click here.


©Spatial Structures in the Social Sciences, Brown University